Self-presentation can be used as a means to manage the impressions others form of oneself. Strategic or tactical self-presentation impression management occurs when individuals seek to create a desired image or invoke a desired response from others. The concept of self-presentation emerged from the symbolic interactionist SI tradition.
Self-Presentation Self-Presentation Definition Self-presentation refers to how people attempt to present themselves to control or shape how others called the audience view them. It involves expressing oneself and behaving in ways that create a desired impression. Self-presentation is part of a broader set of behaviors called impression management.
Impression management refers to the controlled presentation of information about all sorts of things, including information about other people or events. Self-presentation refers specifically to information about the self. Self-Presentation History and Modern Usage Early work on impression management focused on its manipulative, inauthentic uses that might typify a used car salesperson who lies to sell a car, or someone at a job interview who embellishes accomplishments to get a job.
However, researchers now think of self-presentation more broadly as a pervasive aspect of life. Although some aspects of self-presentation are deliberate and effortful and at times deceitfulother aspects are automatic and done with little or no conscious thought.
For example, a woman may interact with many people during the day and Self presentation strategies and make different impressions on each person.
When she starts her day at her apartment, she chats with her roommates and cleans up after breakfast, thereby presenting the image of being a good friend and responsible roommate. Later that day, she calls her parents and tells them about her classes and other activities although likely leaving out information about some activitiespresenting the image of being a loving and responsible daughter.
That night, she might go to a party or dancing with friends, presenting the image of being fun and easygoing. Although some aspects of these self-presentations may be deliberate and conscious, other aspects are not.
For example, chatting with her roommates and cleaning up after breakfast may be habitual behaviors that are done with little conscious thought. Likewise, she may automatically hold the door open for an acquaintance or buy a cup of coffee for a friend. These behaviors, although perhaps not done consciously or with self-presentation in mind, nevertheless convey an image of the self to others.
Although people have the ability to present images that are false, self-presentations are often genuine; they reflect an attempt by the person to have others perceive him or her accurately, or at least consistent with how the person perceives himself or herself.
Self-presentations can vary as a function of the audience; people present different aspects of themselves to different audiences or under different conditions. A man likely presents different aspects of himself to his close friends than he does to his elderly grandmother, and a woman may present a different image to her spouse than she does to her employer.
This is not to say that these different images are false. Rather, they represent different aspects of the self.
The self is much like a gem with multiple facets. The gem likely appears differently depending on the angle at which it is viewed. However, the various appearances are all genuine. Even if people present a self-image that they know to be false, they may begin to internalize the self-image and thereby eventually come to believe the self-pres entation.
For example, a man may initially present an image of being a good student without believing it to be genuine, but after attending all his classes for several weeks, visiting the professor during office hours, and asking questions during class, he may come to see himself as truly being a good student.
This internalization process is most likely to occur when people make a public commitment to the self-image, when the behavior is at least somewhat consistent with their self-image, and when they receive positive feedback or other rewards for presenting the self-image.
Self-presentation is often directed to external audiences such as friends, lovers, employers, teachers, children, and even strangers. Yet self-presentation extends beyond audiences that are physically present to imagined audiences, and these imagined audiences can have distinct effects on behavior.
A young man at a party might suddenly think about his parents and change his behavior from rambunctious to reserved. People sometimes even make self-presentations only for themselves.
For instance, people want to claim certain identities, such as being fun, intelligent, kind, moral, and they may behave in line with these identities even in private.
Self-Presentation Goals Self-presentation is inherently goal-directed; people present certain images because they benefit from the images in some way.A self-presentation strategy in which a person creates obstacles to his or her own performance either to provide an excuse for failure or to enhance success.
2 types: Self-Report (Cognitive) and Behavioral. Self-Presentation also Includes Body Language and Voice. While there are many important elements of body language, perhaps the most important is to project self-confidence.
You need to demonstrate that you believe in what you’re saying.
Social Psychology Self Presentation study guide by nicolecandiff includes 27 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.
Self-perception: helps us manage how we see ourselves. 6 strategies of self presentation. Abstract. Self-presentation is behavior that attempts to convey some information about oneself or some image of oneself to other people. It denotes a class of motivations in human behavior.
These motivations are in part stable dispositions of individuals but they depend on situational factors to elicit them. Our findings confirmed habitual self-presentation strategies as a relevant factor for understanding selfies: Participants scoring high on self-promotion (promoting one's strength and abilities) and self-disclosure (revealing one's feelings for earning sympathy) felt especially positive while takings selfies, whereas understatement was.
February 19, at PM _chapter_docx page 2 of 42 CHAPTER 07 SELF-PRESENTATION There will be time, there will be time, to prepare a face to meet the faces that you meet.