Which is harder to learn, Chinese or Japanese? Well, the latest time finally inspired me to make this graphic.
Elephant Evolution of pictograms Chinese characters represent words of the language using several strategies. A few characters, including some of the most commonly used, were originally pictogramswhich depicted the objects denoted, or ideogramsin which meaning was expressed iconically.
The vast majority were written using the rebus principlein which a character for a similarly sounding word was either simply borrowed or more commonly extended with a disambiguating semantic marker to form a phono-semantic compound character.
Characters in this class derive from pictures of the objects they denote. Over time they have been standardized, simplified, and stylized to make them easier to write, and their derivation is therefore not always obvious. Rebus was pivotal in the history of writing in China insofar as it represented the stage at which logographic writing could become purely phonetic phonographic.
These characters are composed of two korean japanese chinese writing and meanings In most cases the semantic indicator is also the radical under which the character is listed in dictionaries. The right-hand side in each case is a phonetic indicator.
In this case it can be seen that the pronunciation of the character is slightly different from that of its phonetic indicator; the effect of historical sound change means that the composition of such characters can sometimes seem arbitrary today.
Many Chinese names of elements in the periodic table and many other chemistry-related characters were formed this way. The term does not appear in the body of the dictionary, and is often omitted from modern systems. The legend relates that on the day the characters were created, people heard ghosts wailing and saw crops falling like rain.
Neolithic signs in China In recent decades, a series of inscribed graphs and pictures have been found at Neolithic sites in China, including Jiahu c.
Often these finds are accompanied by media reports that push back the purported beginnings of Chinese writing by thousands of years. Oracle bone script Ox scapula with oracle bone inscription The earliest confirmed evidence of the Chinese script yet discovered is the body of inscriptions carved on oracle bones from the late Shang dynasty c.
Bythe source of the bones had been traced to a village near Anyang in Henan Provincewhich was excavated by the Academia Sinica between and Overfragments have been found.
The Shang king would communicate with his ancestors on topics relating to the royal family, military success, weather forecasting, ritual sacrifices, and related topics by means of scapulimancyand the answers would be recorded on the divination material itself.
Chinese bronze inscriptions The traditional picture of an orderly series of scripts, each one invented suddenly and then completely displacing the previous one, has been conclusively demonstrated to be fiction by the archaeological finds and scholarly research of the later 20th and early 21st centuries.
As early as the Shang dynasty, oracle-bone script coexisted as a simplified form alongside the normal script of bamboo books preserved in typical bronze inscriptionsas well as the extra-elaborate pictorial forms often clan emblems found on many bronzes.
The inscription cast in bronze on the vessel commemorates a gift of cowrie shells then used as currency in China from someone of presumably elite status in Zhou dynasty society.As a Japanese kanji, it has several more meanings than the Chinese hanzi.
Again though, despite these differences, most of the time the meanings are the same or very similar, leading me to say that hanzi and kanji are generally the same writing system. Japanese Background. Japan is an archipelago of 6, islands located in the Pacific Ocean, the biggest islands being Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku.
Mar 16, · Chinese writing has complicated characters called hanzi in Chinese, kanji in Japanese, and hanja in Korean. Although these characters are also found in Japanese, if there are hiragana or katakana, it is Japanese%().
Linguistic history and writing systems General considerations. While much is known about Middle Korean, the language spoken in the 15th century (when the script was invented), information about the language before that time is limited.
Several hundred words of early Middle Korean were written with phonograms in the vocabularies compiled by the Chinese as far back as A Guide To Korean Characters: Reading and Writing Hangul and Hanja (A Mini Dictionary of Characters for Modern Readers) [Bruce K.
Grant] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. For the first time in English, a practical page handbook with . Korean grammar is similar to Japanese, and speaking it Korean would sometimes sound like other Chinese dialect, Korean writing system would be the easiest among 3 languages(without Hanja or learning different expression in ashio-midori.com and ashio-midori.com, similar to Taiwan and Mainland Chinese expression differences).