Latin Literature Roman literature was written in Latin and contributed significant works to the subjects of poetry, comedy, history, and tragedy. A large proportion of literature from this time period were histories. The period of time they cover extended from late in the 4th century BC to the 2nd century AD.
Panoramic view of the ancient theatre at Epidaurus. The classical Greeks valued the power of spoken word, and it was their main method of communication and storytelling. Bahn and Bahn write, "To Greeks the spoken word was a living thing and infinitely preferable to the dead symbols of a written language.
For these reasons, among many others, oral storytelling flourished in Greece. Being a winner of the first theatrical contest held in Athens, he was the exarchon, or leader,  of the dithyrambs performed in and around Attica, especially at the rural Dionysia.
Under the influence of heroic epic, Doric choral lyric and the innovations of the poet Arion, it had become a narrative, ballad-like genre.
This was organized possibly to foster loyalty among the tribes of Attica recently created by Cleisthenes. The festival was created roughly around BC. While no drama texts exist from the sixth century BC, we do know the names of three competitors besides Thespis: Choerilus, Pratinas, and Phrynichus.
Each is credited with different innovations in the field. More is known about Phrynichus. He won his first competition between BC and BC.
He produced tragedies on themes and subjects later exploited in the golden age such as the Danaids, Phoenician Women and Alcestis. He was the first poet we know of to use a historical subject — his Fall of Miletus, produced inchronicled the fate of the town of Miletus after it was conquered by the Persians.
Herodotus reports that "the Athenians made clear their deep grief for the taking of Miletus in many ways, but especially in this: New inventions during the classical period[ edit ] Theater of Dionysus, Athens, Greece.
This century is normally regarded as the Golden Age of Greek drama. The centre-piece of the annual Dionysia, which took place once in winter and once in spring, was a competition between three tragic playwrights at the Theatre of Dionysus. Each submitted three tragedies, plus a satyr play a comic, burlesque version of a mythological subject.
Beginning in a first competition in BC each playwright submitted a comedy. Apparently the Greek playwrights never used more than three actors based on what is known about Greek theatre. Satyr plays dealt with the mythological subject matter of the tragedies, but in a purely comedic manner.
From that time on, the theatre started performing old tragedies again. The only extant playwright from the period is Menander. The plays had a chorus from 12 to 15  people, who performed the plays in verse accompanied by music, beginning in the morning and lasting until the evening.
The performance space was a simple circular space, the orchestra, where the chorus danced and sang.
The orchestra, which had an average diameter of 78 feet, was situated on a flattened terrace at the foot of a hill, the slope of which produced a natural theatron, literally "seeing place".
The coryphaeus was the head chorus member who could enter the story as a character able to interact with the characters of a play.
A drawing of an ancient theatre. Terms are in Greek language and Latin letters.
The theatres were originally built on a very large scale to accommodate the large number of people on stage, as well as the large number of people in the audience, up to fourteen thousand. The first seats in Greek theatres other than just sitting on the ground were wooden, but around BCE the practice of inlaying stone blocks into the side of the hill to create permanent, stable seating became more common.
They were called the "prohedria" and reserved for priests and a few most respected citizens.The ancient Greek drama was a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece from BC.
The city-state of Athens, which became a significant cultural, political, and military power during this period, was its center, where it was institutionalised as part of a festival called the Dionysia, which honored the god Dionysus.
Tragedy (late BC), comedy ( BC), and the satyr play were. SECTION 2: CLASSICAL GREEK TRAGEDY AND THEATRE. Chapter 6: Early Classical Theatre. I.
|Share on Social Media||Early Classical Theatre I.|
Introduction: An Overview of Classical Greek Drama. Let's begin by overviewing what we'll cover in the next two sections of the class: Classical Greek Tragedy (Section 2) and Greek Comedy (Section 3). The theatre is a great semi-circle on the slope of the Acropolis, with rows of stone seats on which about eighteen thousand spectators can sit.
The Complete Greek Drama: All the Extant Tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, and the Comedies of Aristophanes and Menander, in a Variety of Translations, 2 Volumes.
The Greek theatre history began with festivals honoring their gods. A god, Dionysus, was honored with a festival called by "City Dionysia".
In Athens, during this festival, men used to perform songs to welcome Dionysus. The "International Festival of Ancient Greek Drama" is a distinct cultural event with an international character, hosting for two decades in Cyprus theatre companies from all over the world to present ancient Greek drama in their own language.