As religions evolve, traditionalists strive to maintain ideas and practices which have lost their resonance, while modernizers strive to reinvent the religion to meet the needs of the moment. Religions that survive over millennia manage to thread the needle between these two extremes. Judaism, for example, evolved over time from the worship of a local semitic tribal deity, to a monotheism based on ritual animal sacrifice, to a rabbinic religion based on prayer, sacred texts, charity, and moral observance.
In Buddhism, there is much talk of a skilled mind. A mind that is skilful avoids actions that are likely to cause suffering or remorse.
Moral conduct for Buddhists differs according to whether it applies to the laity or to the Sangha or clergy. A lay Buddhist should cultivate good conduct by training in what are known as the "Five Precepts". These are not like, say, the ten commandments, which, if broken, entail punishment by God.
The five precepts are training rules, which, if one were to break any of them, one should be aware of the breech and examine how such a breech may be avoided in the future.
The resultant of an action often referred to as Karma depends on the intention more than the action itself. It entails less feelings of guilt than its Judeo-Christian counterpart.
The five precepts are: This precept applies to all living beings not just humans.
All beings have a right to their lives and that right should be respected. This precept goes further than mere stealing.
One should avoid taking anything unless one can be sure that is intended that it is for you. This precept is often mistranslated or misinterpreted as relating only to sexual misconduct but it covers any overindulgence in any sensual pleasure such as gluttony as well as misconduct of a sexual nature.
As well as avoiding lying and deceiving, this precept covers slander as well as speech which is not beneficial to the welfare of others. This precept is in a special category as it does not infer any intrinsic evil in, say, alcohol itself but indulgence in such a substance could be the cause of breaking the other four precepts.
These are the basic precepts expected as a day to day training of any lay Buddhist. On special holy days, many Buddhists, especially those following the Theravada tradition, would observe three additional precepts with a strengthening of the third precept to be observing strict celibacy.
The additional precepts are: This would mean following the tradition of Theravadin monks and not eating from noon one day until sunrise the next.
Again, this and the next rule. Laypersons following the Mahayana tradition, who have taken a Bodhisattva vow, will also follow a strictly vegetarian diet. This is not so much an additional precept but a strengthening of the first precept; To undertake the training to avoid taking the life of beings.
The eating of meat would be considered a contribution to the taking of life, indirect though it may be.
The Buddhist clergy, known as the Sangha, are governed by to rules depending on the school or tradition for males or Bhikkhus and between and rules, depending on the school or tradition for females or Bhikkhunis. These rules, contained in the Vinaya or first collection of the Buddhist scriptures, are divided into several groups, each entailing a penalty for their breech, depending on the seriousness of that breech.Historical phases of early buddhist philosophy in India.
Edward Conze splits the development of Indian Buddhist philosophy into three phases. The first phase concerns questions of the original doctrines derived from oral traditions that originated during the life of the Buddha, and are common to all later sects of Buddhism.
Buddhism Is Buddhism a religion or a philosophy? Sponsored link. Lack of standard definition of "religion:" Whether Buddhism is, or is not, a religion depends upon how the word "religion" is ashio-midori.com of people have their favorite definition; some think that .
Nov 11, · Free Essays on Ethics Buddhism Change Over Time. Use our research documents to help you learn 76 - Ethics in Buddhism and Change over Time Essay Ethics " in a particular belief system, is a moral philosophy or set of moral principles and rules of conduct that a group of people believe in and live by.
Is “Buddhist ethics” Buddhist? 11 Sunday Oct Posted by Amod Lele in Early and Theravāda, Foundations of Ethics, Like Christianity what is ethical has changed drastically over time as interpretations of holy texts have changed it does not make today’s Christians any less Christian than their predecessors.
I would argue the same. 24 Replies to “Everything Changes. Buddhism, too.” Left me with much to mull over. Not a Buddhist myself, but I’m drawn to the religion for a number of the reasons you’ve described. With the exception that theism is not a deterrent for me.
Journal of Buddhist Ethics; SuttaCentral; The Center for Buddhist Studies, Columbia.